Hair transplantation is the most common cosmetic surgery procedure requested by male patients. The commonest cause of baldness is genetic. Depending upon the severity, male baldness is classified into 7 grades. Hair falls from the front and the centre of the head, but even in the cases of extreme baldness, hair loss does not occur from the back and sides of the head, as these hairs are permanent and are not influenced by the gene that causes baldness. Hairs are taken from the sides and back of the head and hair transplant or grafting is done to the bald area by Follicular Unit Transplant Technique(FUT) and single hair grafts.
Hairs in the scalp are arranged in Follicular Units, and each unit has 1, 2, 3 or 4 hairs. In the Follicular Unit Transplant Technique(FUT), hair follicles in these units or grafts of 1, 2, 3 or 4 hairs are transplanted in the bald areas. The transplanted hair are permanent, grow like normal hair and need haircuts later. The transplanted hair never fall and grow continuously at a rate of 2-3 cm per month like other hair. Shampoo and oil can be applied & they can be combed to the style of your choice. The entire procedure is done under local anesthesia while the patient is fully awake. There is a cable TV set up in the Operation Theatre, and the patient watches television or listens to music whilst the Hair transplant surgery is being done. 4 to 6 people work at the same time, and it takes 3 to 6 hours for a sitting of hair transplantation to be complete. The patient goes home immediately after the operation. One or more sittings may be required, depending on the severity and extent of baldness. Usually, a maximum of upto 7000 to 8500 Follicle Grafts can be transplanted in one sitting. If required, the next sitting can be done after 6 months. Anyone can do 4 to 5 sittings at the gap of 6 months each to cover a big area of baldness.